The structure of a building (or other built asset) – whether framed or non-framed – concerns those parts that are fundamental to its strength, stability and rigidity and which transfer the various loadings (including their self-weight) down to the foundations. This comprises loadbearing or structural primary elements. Structural design is therefore the process of creating a safe, efficient structure in which loads are conveyed safely and efficiently to the foundations and which can withstand prevailing natural forces.
Structural engineering theory is based upon applied physical laws and empirical knowledge of the structural performance of different materials and geometries. Structural engineering design uses a number of relatively simple structural concepts to build complex structural systems. Structural engineers are responsible for making creative and efficient use of funds, structural elements and materials to achieve these goals.
Engineers undertaking the structural design of a building will need to understand in detail subjects such as applied mathematics and materials science. They will also need knowledge of the applicable design codes and the techniques of structural analysis. Today, much of this knowledge is augmented by specialist drawing, modelling and simulation software which makes the design of structures a more precise – and some might say less onerous – task.
Echo Structures Ltd. engineers are qualified and chartered. Our work includes large new-build structures and, often complex, refurbishments for public and private residential, retail, arts & education, commercial and entertainment projects. We encompass temporary structures, structural sculptures, bespoke staircases and unique structures.
"The engineer has been, and is, a maker of history"
James Kip Finch